Rivers in Poland

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Hydrographic network of Poland

Vistula

Odra

Warta

Bug

Narew

San

Osława

Noteć

Pilica

Wieprz

Beaver

Łyna

Neisse

Wkra

Dunajec

Brda

Prosna, Bernardine Canal

Drwęca

Rivers in Poland

The rivers flowing through Poland belong in the drainage basins of three seas:

Baltic Sea – 99.7%:

Vistula river basin – 55.7%;

Oder River basin – 33.9%; Baltic Coast rivers – 9.3%; Nemunas River basin – 0.8%;

Black Sea – 0.2%:

Danube river basin (Orava) Dniester river basin (Strviąż);

North Sea – 0.1%: the Elbe (Iser) basin[1].

There is asymmetry in the tributaries of the Vistula and Oder. Their left basins are shorter and less abundant in water compared to their right tributaries – the Vistula – 27:73, the Oder – 30:70. This is due to the northwesterly slope of the surface and the development of relief in the Tertiary and Quaternary periods.

The Vistula and Oder estuaries have a deltaic character, the Oder delta has a retrograde deltaic character.

The density of the river network in Poland is quite significant, but irregular. Of considerable density in the Carpathians and Sudetes (high precipitation on poorly permeable subsoil with varied relief), four times less dense in the highlands (significant transition of water into the subsoil and deep groundwater). In lowland areas, a dense network of rivers is found in areas with poorly permeable ground.

The recharge of rivers in Poland is snow and rain, with less frequent recharge from inflowing groundwater.

There are two high water levels: in spring, February-April – during the disappearance of snow cover, and in summer, June-July – during intense precipitation in the mountains. Water levels are lowest in early autumn. On the Baltic coast, high water levels are caused by the piling up of sea water by storms.

Rivers in Poland freeze over in winter. In the west of Poland for about a month, in the center and east for about 3 months. There is a phenomenon of later disappearance of the ice cover in the north than in the south, which is conducive to flash floods.

There is variability of water levels in rivers. The smallest amplitude of fluctuations in water levels have rivers of the lake districts, and the largest larger mountain rivers, such as the Dunajec 9-10 m.

Some of the larger rivers of Poland listed in hydrographic order from estuary to source. The letters P or L indicate a right or left tributary.

Table of contents

1 The longest rivers in Poland

2 Basin of the Baltic Sea

2.1 Vistula River Basin 2.2 Oder River Basin 2.3 Directly flowing to the Baltic Sea 2.4 Indirectly flowing to the Baltic Sea 2.5 Nemunas River Basin

3 Black Sea drainage basin

3.1 Dniester River Basin 3.2 Danube River Basin

4 North Sea drainage basin

4.1 Elbe River Basin

5 See also 6 Footnotes 7 External links

Longest rivers in Poland[edit | edit code].

name of the river

length (in km)

on the territory of Poland

area of the river basin (in km²)

on the territory of Poland

recycler

1 Vistula 1047 1047 194 424 168 699 Gulf of Gdansk

2 Oder 854 742 118 861 106 058 Szczecin Lagoon

3 Warta 808 808 54 529 54 529 Oder River

4 Bug 772 587 39 420 19 284 Narew River

5 Narew 484 448 75 175 53 873 Vistula River

6 San 458 457 16 861 14 390 Vistula

7 Noteć 391 391 17 330 17 330 Warta

8 Pilica 319 319 9273 9273 Vistula River

9 Wieprz 303 303 10 415 10 415 Vistula River

10 Dunajec 247 247 6804 4852 Vistula River

11 Beaver 272 270 5876 5830 Oder

12 Łyna 264 190 7126 5719 Pregoła

13 Nysa Łużycka 252 198 4297 2197 Oder

14 Wkra 249 249 5322 5322 Narew

15 Brda 238 238 4627 4627 Vistula

16 Prosna 217 217 4925 4925 Warta

17 Drwęca 207 207 5344 5344 Wisła

18 Wisłok 205 205 3528 3528 San

19 Wda 198 198 2325 2325 Wisła

20 Drawa 186 186 3296 3296 Noteć

21 Nysa Klodzka 182 182 4566 3744 Oder

22 Poprad 170 63 2077 483 Dunajec

23 Pasłęka 169 169 2294 2294 Vistula Lagoon

24 Rega 168 168 2725 2725 Baltic Sea

25 Bzura 166 166 7788 7788 Vistula River

26 Wisłoka 164 164 4110 4110 Vistula River

27 Obra 164 164 2758 2758 Warta

28 Lega 157 157 1016 1016 Biebrza

29 Biebrza 155 155 7051 7051 Narew

30 Wierzyca 151 151 1600 1600 Vistula River

31 Nida 151 151 3865 3865 Wisła

32 Gwda 145 145 4943 4943 Noteć

33 Czarna Hancza 142 108 1916 1612 Niemen

34 Liwiec 142 142 2780 2780 Bug

35 Orzyc 142 142 2077 2077 Narew

36 Wieprza 140.3 140.3 2170 2170 Baltic Sea

37 Barycz 139 139 5526 5526 Oder

38 Parsęta 139 139 3151 3151 Baltic Sea

39 Slupia 138.6 138.6 1620 1620 Baltic Sea

40 Kamienna 138 138 2008 2008 Vistula

41 Ner 134 134 1866 1866 Varta

42 Mała Panew 132 132 2132 2132 Oder

43 Raba 132 132 1537 1528 Vistula River

44 Omulew 127 127 ? ? Narew

45 Kwisa 126 126 1026 994 Beaver

46 Ina 126 126 2151 2151 Oder

47 Krzna 120 120 3353 3353 Bug

48 Woolen 118 118 2621 2621 Warta

49 Radomka 116 116 2000 2000 Vistula

50 Skrwa 114 114 1704 1704 Vistula

51 Elk 113 113 1524 1524 Biebrza

52 Wel 107 107 822 822 Drwęca

53 Radunia 103 103 837 837 Motława

54 Kraut 103 103 483 483 Narew River

55 Netta 102 102 1336 1336 Biebrza

56 Supraśl 102 102 1844 1844 Narew

57 Biała 102 102 983 983 Dunajec

58 Nurzec 100 100 2102 2102 Bug

59 Olawa 99 99 1167 1167 Oder

Baltic Sea catchment[edit | edit code].

Vistula River basin[edit | edit code].

Separate article: Vistula River Basin.

Oder River Basin[edit | edit code]

Separate article: Oder River Basin.

Directly draining into the Baltic[edit | edit code].

Stary Zdrój

Rega → Rega river basin

Błotnica

Parsęta → Parsęta river basin

Malechowska Struga Czerwona Nurt Jamieński Kanał Szczuczy Martwa Woda

Wieprza River → Wieprza River basin

water outlet (fistula) from Lake Kopañ

Głównica Potnia Czarna

Słupia

P Skotawa

L Kamienica

L Kwacza

L Bytowa

Orzechowa

Łupawa P Bukowina

Łeba P Chełst

Lubiatówka Nameless Piaśnica Czarna Woda Płutnica Kanał Żelistrzewo Gizdepka Kanał Mrzezino Reda Zagórska Struga Kanał Leniwy Chylonka Kacza Potok Kolibkowski Swelina Kamienny Potok Karlikowski Potok Potok Oliwski

Indirectly flowing into the Baltic[edit | edit code].

Szczecin Lagoon:

Karwia Struga Pleśnica Krampa Karpina Gowienica Łącki Rów Kanał Czarnociński Kanał Śmieciowy Kanał Torfowy Kanał

Swina:

Ognica Rzecki Nurt

Strange River:

Szczuczyna Kurawa Lewienska Struga

Skarchówka,

Dusinka (Wolczenica) Swiniec

Vistula Lagoon:

Nogat Szkarpawa Elbląg Bauda

Pasłęka P Drwęca Warmińska

Pregoła (Russia)

Węgorapa L Łyna P Guber L Dajna

Nemunas basin[edit | edit code].

L Svisloch

L Shesupia

L Black Hancza L Marycha

Black Sea catchment[edit | edit code].

Dniester River Basin[edit | edit code]

L Strviąż

L Lodynka

L Lodyna

P Olchy

P Jasieńka

P Smorz

P Stebnik

P Maksymow

L Mszaniec P Mszanka

L Lechniewa

Danube River Basin[edit | edit code].

Czarna Orawa

Czadeczka L Krężelka

North Sea catchment[edit | edit code].

Elbe River Basin[edit | edit code]

P Izera

P Wild Orlice

P Glass

P Czermnica

See also[edit | edit code].

Lakes of Poland

Footnotes[edit | edit code].

↑ A.A. Witkowski A.A., Characteristics of water categories, www.gios.gov.pl [accessed 2018-04-29] .

External links[edit | edit code].

List of names of flowing waters (KNMiOF) Daily information on the state of the waters of Polish rivers

p d e

Poland – topics and issues

History

Calendar Capital Rulers History of women in Poland Prehistory of the Polish lands History of Poland (up to 1138) Poland during the period of disintegration of districts History of Poland (1320-1386) History of Poland (1386-1492) History of Poland (1492-1572) History of Poland (1572-1697) History of Poland (1697-1763) History of Poland (1764-1795) Under partition (1795-1918) Poland during World War I The Second Polish Republic Poland during World War II

People’s Republic of Poland

Economy Political parties LWP

Third Republic

Geography

Historical lands Geographical lands Topographical maps Towns and their parts Cities Forests Islands Lakes Rivers Mountains National parks Flora Fauna Nature conservation Physical-geographical regionalization

Law and political system

Administrative division Constitution Legal system Human rights Judiciary Parliament Elections Political parties Politicians Foreign policy Poland in international organizations Poland in the European Union

Demography, security and social life

Demography Polish surnames Poles Polonia Religious associations National and ethnic minorities Protection of security and public order Crime Armed forces Health care system

Orders and decorations (list) Sports Public holidays Public holidays

Culture

Architecture Polish national style Art Theater Cinematography Literature Polish deviants Media Music Anthemic songs National dances Folklore Folk costumes

Education

Educational system Higher education

Philosophy Polish patron saints Etymology of the name Emblem Flags Polonica Traditions of everyday life Cuisine

Economy

Agriculture Industry Tourism Transport Merchant Navy Poland Exclusive Economic Zone Currency National Bank of Poland Stock Exchange Systemic transformation Plan Balcerowicz Economic history Energy Mines Upper Silesian Industrial District Poland A and B Venture capital

See also: portal Poland and wikiproject Poland Wikipedia canon

p d e

Rivers in the countries of Europe (Rivers of Europe)

Albania Andorra Austria Belgium Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Montenegro Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Greece Spain Netherlands Ireland Iceland Kazakhstan Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Latvia North Macedonia Malta Moldavia Monaco Germany Norway Poland Portugal Russia Romania San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Switzerland Sweden Turkey Ukraine Hungary United Kingdom Italy

Source: “https://pl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rzeki_w_Polsce&oldid=67523999”

Categories: Rivers in Poland Lists of rivers

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This page was last edited on 4 July 2022, 17:08. This text is licensed under a Creative Commons: Attribution-Share Alike License with additional restrictions. See detailed information about the terms of use.

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