County government

Legal system

Constitution Political system


Sejm of the Republic of Poland

Members of the ninth term

Speaker of the Sejm: Elżbieta Witek

Senate of the Republic of Poland

Senators of the 10th term

Speaker of the Senate: Tomasz Grodzki

National Assembly

Executive power

President: Andrzej Duda

Prime Minister: Mateusz Morawiecki

Council of Ministers: Mateusz Morawiecki’s second government

Judicial authority


Supreme Court

First President: Małgorzata Manowska

Supreme Administrative Court president: Jacek Chlebny

Constitutional Tribunal president: Julia Przyłębska

Tribunal of State Małgorzata Manowska National Council of the Judiciary chairman: Paweł Styrna

State control

Supreme Chamber of Control Marian Banaś

Ombudsman for Civil Rights Protection Marcin Wiącek

Ombudsman for Children Marek Michalak

National Broadcasting Council Witold Kołodziejski


National Bank of Poland Adam Glapiński

Monetary Policy Council

Local government

Gmina self-government Poviat self-government Voivodeship self-government Administrative division of Poland

Political parties

Parliamentary clubs are formed or co-formed by:

Law and Justice

Solidarna Polska Republican Party

Civic Coalition

Civic Platform Modern Initiative Poland Green Party


New Left Left Left Together

Coalition Poland

Polish People’s Party Center for Poland Union of European Democrats

The parliamentary circles are formed and co-founded by:

Konfederacja Wolność i Niepodległość

National Movement Freedomists KORWiN Confederation of Polish Crowns

Polska 2050 Porozumienie

K’15 and Demokracja Bezpośrednia

Polish Affairs Polish Socialist Party

Groupings that did not cross the threshold in the 2019 Sejm elections:

Non-partisan Local Government Effective Action of Disappointed Pensioners Pensioners Right of the Republic.


Parliamentary elections: 2019

Presidential elections: 2020

Parliamentary elections: 2019

Municipal elections: 2018

Referendums: 2015

Foreign policy

Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister: Zbigniew Rau

Ambassadors of Poland Diplomatic outposts Committee on European Affairs Parliamentary Committees on Foreign Affairs

Sejmowa Senacka

Polish Institute of International Affairs

Portal Poland

Poviat self-government – a separate association of the local community in the structure of the state, functioning in the rank of a poviat, which by law is appointed to independently perform the tasks of public administration, and is equipped with material means to carry out the tasks imposed on it.

Poviat self-government is the second level of local government in Poland next to municipal and provincial self-government. County self-government has the ability to shape its own internal organization, including the election of county government bodies (county council, county management), as well as to enact local laws through these bodies.

Counties are formed by several municipalities (rural, rural-urban, urban). The executive authority in the district is the district board, chaired by the starosta. The board with the starosta is elected by the county council.

In addition, there are cities with county rights, which are urban municipalities that perform the tasks of the county[1]. As a rule, these are cities with more than 100,000 residents with a few exceptions, such as Swinoujscie, Grudziądz, Zamosc, Sopot, Biała Podlaska, Swietochłowice, Leszno, Krosno. The functions of the county council are performed by the city council, and the functions of the county board and starosta are performed by the city president[2].

On December 31, 2011, there were 379 powiats in Poland, including 65 cities with powiat rights[3].

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